Immortal Books, essential instruments (I)

Photography by Carlos Dorce

Photography by Carlos Dorce

This post is about a very interesting exhibition about 26 selected scientific books which I visited in Madrid in August and it can be visited now in A Coruña (from the 17th October). There are explanation of the 26 books and their authors and I am going to talk about the mathematical ones (of course!). Furthermore, there are Eulogia Merle‘s drawings of every scientist exhibited here so this is another interesting attraction to visit it.

The first great mathematician is Euclid (c.295 BC).

Photography by Carlos Dorce

Photography by Carlos Dorce

[In Spanish:] Es difícil precisar datos de la biografía del más destacado matemático de la antigüedad grecolatina, considerado el Padre de la Geometría. Solo se conocen con certeza dos hechos indiscutibles: vivió en una época intermedia entre los discípulos de Platón y los de Arquímedes, y formó una gran escuela de matemáticas en Alejandría. Según el filósofo bizantino Proclo, Euclides enseñó en esta ciudad del delta del Nilo durante el mandato de Ptolomeo I Sóter, es decir, entre los años 323 y 285 a.C. Murió en torno al año 270 a.C. Su fama radica en ser el autor de los Elementos, un tratado de geometría que ha servido de libro de tecto en la materia hasta comienzo del siglo XX. Está compuesto por trece libros que tratatn de geometría en dos y tres dimensiones, proporciones y teoría de números. Presenta toda la geometría basándose en teoremas que pueden derivarse a partir de cinco axiomas o postulados muy simples que se aceptan como verdaderos.

There are two different digital editions of the Elements and a compass from the 16th or 17th century with all this information:

Photography by Carlos Dorce

Photography by Carlos Dorce

The next Greek mathematician is Archimedes (287-212 BC) although his book here is On the floating bodies which is less mathematical than phisician.

Photography by Carlos Dorce

Photography by Carlos Dorce

Ptolemy (2nd century) is the next and his Almagest was the most important astronomical book since the 16th century.

Photography by Carlos Dorce

Photography by Carlos Dorce

There is also an interesting wooden astrolabe from 1630 (“Claudii Ricchardi”):

Photography by Carlos Dorce

Photography by Carlos Dorce

Arsitotle, Hippocrates and Pliny the Younger are the other three Greek scientists represented in the exhibition.

Location: MUNCYT in Madrid (map) and MUNCYT in A Coruña (map)

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